Wisdom teeth usually develop between the ages of 17 and 25. These teeth are the third molars and the last permanent teeth to erupt in the mouth. Some individuals never develop wisdom teeth, and others have wisdom teeth that appear correctly. However, some people suffer from a wisdom tooth. And if that causes a problem, a wisdom tooth surgery may need. Moreover, you can visit www.dentalex.com.au for more information and inquiry on your growing wisdom tooth.
What is wisdom tooth surgery?
Wisdom tooth extraction is a medical technique to eliminate at least one or more wisdom teeth. The wisdom teeth have four perpetual adult teeth located at the back corners of your mouth on the top and bottom.
There are instances that wisdom teeth have no space to grow, resulting in pain, infections and other dental problems. That condition is called impacted wisdom teeth, and if that happens, you will possibly need to have them removed. Wisdom tooth extraction may be done by a dental specialist or an oral surgeon. Also, some dentists and oral surgeons suggest having wisdom tooth surgery, although impacted teeth are not currently making problems. This situation often recommends by specialists to prevent potential future issues.
Why wisdom tooth needs surgery?
Several individuals develop impacted wisdom tooth. This condition happens when there is not enough space to erupt into the mouth or grow naturally. Impacted wisdom teeth may grow only halfway or not in any manner.
Here is the following condition that impacted wisdom teeth may:
- Develop at a point toward the second molar
- Emerge at a point rearward of the mouth
- Develop straight up or down like other teeth, however, remain trapped inside the jawbone
- Emerge at a correct angle to different teeth, as though the wisdom tooth is resting inside the jawbone
Impacted wisdom teeth cause a lot of problems. And you will probably require your impacted wisdom tooth to be pulled if it brings issues like the following:
- Having food and debris behind the wisdom tooth
- Contamination or gum disease
- Harm to a nearby tooth or encompassing bone
- Tooth rot in an incompletely emitted wisdom tooth
- Buildup of a liquid filled blister around the wisdom tooth
- Problems with orthodontic treatments to fix other teeth
What you can expect with wisdom tooth surgery
During the Process:
Your oral surgeon or dental specialist may utilize one of three sorts of anesthesia, depending on the expected difficulty of the wisdom tooth extraction and your comfort level. Here are the following options that may include:
The oral surgeon or dental specialist manages local anesthesia with one or more injections near to the area of every extraction. The surgeon or dentist will probably apply a substance to your gums to numb them before you get an injection. You are conscious during tooth surgery. Even if you feel some pressure and movement, you should not feel pain.
The oral surgeon or dental specialist provides you sedation by means of an intravenous (IV) line in your arm. This anesthesia restrains your awareness during the operation. In this case, you will not experience any pain and have restricted memory of the procedure. Also, you will get local anesthesia to senseless your gums.
There are some unique situations that you may be offered general anesthesia. This medication can inhale through your nose or an IV line in your arm, or both. After that, you will be unconscious. The surgical group thoroughly monitors your medicine, temperature, breathing, fluids and blood pressure. You will not feel pain, and you will not remember the process. Also, local anesthesia is given to aid with postoperative discomfort.
Your oral surgeon or dental specialist may perform the following during wisdom tooth extraction:
- Cuts the gum muscle to uncover the tooth and bone
- Eliminates bone that obstructs entry to the tooth root
- Break down the tooth into segments if it is simpler to eliminate in pieces
- Eliminates the tooth
- Wash the site of the eliminated tooth of any debris from the tooth or bone
- Stitches the cut closed to foster healing, however, this is not always necessary
- Put gauze over the surgical site to manage to bleed and to enable a blood clot form
After the Process:
Usually, you are taken to a recovery room after the procedure if you get sedation or general anesthesia. On the other hand, if you receive local anesthesia, your short recuperation time is likely in the dental seat.
The following are some instructions your dentist may give you while you are recovering from wisdom tooth surgery:
Some overflowing of blood may happen the first day after wisdom tooth extraction. Try to avoid the immoderate amount of spitting so that you do not dislodge the blood clot that may cause a dry socket. Change gauze over the surgical site as directed by your oral surgeon or dentist.
You might have able to handle the pain with an over-the-counter pain reliever, like acetaminophen, or a medical prescription from your oral surgeon or dentist. The medical drug might be particularly useful if the bone has been taken out during the surgery. Another helpful thing to relieve pain is to hold a cold pack against your jaw.
Swelling and bruising
Have an ice pack as directed by your surgeon or dental specialist. Any inflammation of your cheeks usually recovers in a few days. However, bruising may take a few additional days to heal completely.
After your surgical procedure, manage to relax for the rest of the day. You can resume regular tasks the next day, yet for at least seven days, depart from a strenuous movement that may bring about losing the blood clot that can cause a painful dry socket.
Drink loads of water after tooth surgery. Avoid drinking caffeinated, alcoholic, carbonated or hot beverages in the first 24 hours. Do not use a straw for drinking for at least a week because the sucking activity can dislodge the blood clot from the socket.
For the first 24 hours, you should only eat soft foods, such as yogurt or applesauce. Begin eating semisoft food when you can endure them. Do not eat food that is hard, chewy, hot or spicy because it might trap in the socket or irritate the wound.
Clean your mouth
For the first 24 hours, avoid brushing your teeth, washing your mouth, spitting or using mouthwash. Usually, you will be advised to continue brushing your teeth after the initial 24 hours. Make sure to gently brush and wash your mouth, particularly the area near the surgical wound. You can use mild salt water per two hours and after meals for a week.
Do not smoke for at least 72 hours after surgery, and if possible, wait longer than that. Do not use or chew tobacco for at least a week. Utilizing tobacco products after an oral medical procedure can delay healing and increase the danger of complications.
You may either have stitches that disintegrate within a few weeks or no stitches at all. If your stitches need to be eliminated, make an appointment to your dentist or oral surgeon to have them taken out.
When to call your dentist or surgeon
Contact dental specialist or oral surgeon if you encounter any of the following manifestations, which could imply an infection, nerve damage or other severe complication:
- Trouble swallowing or breathing
- Extreme bleeding
- Extreme pain not relieved by prescribed medications
- Swelling that exacerbates after two or three days
- An awful taste in your mouth
- Overflowing blood from the socket
- A painful in inflammation called dry socket
- Constant loss of feeling or dullness