Have you ever noticed blood on your sink when you floss and brush your teeth? Or do you have red, swollen, painful gums and a bad breath that won’t go away? If you ever observe those signs, better you go to your dentist to discuss on how to reverse gum disease. You may as well visit Advanced Dental Care in Dubbo to offer you a wide range of preventative, restorative, and cosmetic dental treatments using the latest technology and techniques.
Types of Gum Disease
The plaque and tartar become more harmful when they stay longer on the teeth. The microbes result in inflammation of the gums that is named “gingivitis. “In this condition, the gums become swollen, red, and can bleed effortlessly. Gingivitis is a minor kind of gum disease that can ordinarily turn around with every day flossing and brushing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This type of gum disease does not incorporate any tooth loss or loss of bone and tissue that support teeth in place.
Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontal disease. It is a severe condition of gum disease which signifies inflammation around the tooth. In periodontal disease, gums pull away from the teeth and structure spaces that become infected. These structure spaces are known as pockets. The immune system of the body fights the microscopic organisms as the plaque spreads and develops beneath the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the natural response of the body to disease begin to separate the bone and connective tissue that support teeth in its place. If periodontal disease is not treated, the gums, bones, and tissue that hold the teeth will be destroyed, which can result in tooth loss.
Since this aspect can lead to periodontal disease, this may be another reason for you to quit smoking. Smoking is one of the main danger factors related to the development of gum disease. Moreover, smoking can bring down the odds for fruitful treatment.
These progressions can make gums more delicate and make it simpler for gum disease to develop.
Individuals with diabetes are at greater danger for creating infections, including periodontal disease.
Other illnesses and their treatments
Illnesses, for example, AIDS and its treatments can negatively influence the wellbeing of gums, as can therapy for cancer.
There are several remedies and over the counter drugs that can diminish the progression of saliva, which protectively affects the mouth. Without enough salivation, the mouth is defenseless against contaminations such as gum disease. Also, a few medications can result in abnormal overgrowth of the gum tissue, which can make it hard to keep teeth and gums clean.
Some individuals are more inclined to severe gum disease than others.
How to Reverse Gum Disease
The fundamental objective of treatment is to control the infection. The number and sorts of treatment will shift, depending on the degree of gum disease. Any treatment necessitates that the patient keeps up good daily care at home. The dentist may likewise recommend changing certain practices, for example, stopping smoking, as an approach to improve treatment result.
Good Oral Hygiene
When you have periodontal disease, you will need to venture up your good oral hygiene practice to decrease the impacts of infection. Beside brushing two times a day and flossing at least once every day, you need to use an interdental brush or a soft bristle toothbrush.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planning is a deep cleaning technique. The dentist or dental hygienist eliminates the plaque through this technique. Scaling implies scratching off the tartar from above and underneath the gum line. Root planing disposes of unpleasant spots on the tooth root where the germs assemble and helps eliminate microbes that add to the infection. At times a laser can be used to eliminate plaque and tartar. This process can bring about less bleeding, swelling, and uneasiness contrasted with traditional deep cleaning techniques.
Various medicated mouthwashes and different treatments are available.
Prescription antimicrobial mouth rinse – This mouthwash is used to control microbes when treating gum disease and after surgery. Patients use it as they would an ordinary mouthwash.
Antiseptic chip – This medication is a little bit of gelatin that is loaded up with chlorhexidine. It manages bacteria and diminishes periodontal pocket size. Antiseptic chip puts in the pockets after root planing.
Antibiotic gel – This gel consists of doxycycline, an antibiotic. It helps control microbes and diminish periodontal pockets. An antibiotic gel is placed in the pockets after scaling and root planing. It is a moderate release medication.
Enzyme suppressant – This holds destructive enzymes under tight restraints with a low-portion of doxycycline. A few enzymes can separate gum tissue; however, this drug can delay the body’s enzyme reaction. It consumes orally like a pill, and it combined with deep cleaning technique.
Oral antibiotics – Obtainable in capsule or tablet form, these kind antibiotics consume orally.
On the off chance that good oral hygiene and non-surgical treatments are not successful on how to reverse gum disease, you might require surgical intervention.
The healthcare professional executes flap surgery to eliminate calculus in profound pockets, or to lessen the pocket so that keeping it clean is simpler. The gums lifted back, and the tarter is taken out. The gums are then stitched once again into the right spot, so they fit closely to the tooth. After the medical procedure, the gums will recuperate and hold firmly around the tooth. Sometimes, the teeth may show up longer than before.
Bone and tissue grafts
The dentist will perform bone grafting for patients who have already encountered tooth loss due to gum disease. This technique recovers demolished bone or gum tissue. New natural or synthetic bone is set where the bone was lost, advancing bone development.
Guided tissue regeneration (GTR)
GTR is a surgery that utilizes obstruction layers to coordinate the development of new bone and gum tissue at sites where either of these is deficient. It means to recover tissue and fix defects that have come about because of periodontitis.
In this method, your dentist will insert a little bit of mesh-like material between the gum tissue and bone. This procedure prevents the gum from developing into bone space, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow. The dentist may likewise employ particular proteins or growth factors, that help the body regrow bone naturally.
The dental expert may propose a soft tissue graft. This procedure includes taking tissue from another area of the mouth or utilizing synthetic material to conceal exposed tooth roots.
The successful outcome relies upon how advanced the disease is, how well the patient follows to an excellent oral hygiene program, and different variables like smoking status.